There are a variety of health issues that affect Toy Poodles. Read on to learn more about some common issues, including Addison’s disease, Von Willebrand’s disease, and Patella luxation. There are also many exclusions to keep in mind when choosing pet insurance.
To check for Addison’s disease, veterinarians perform a series of blood tests to determine the cause of collapse. The blood is drawn and analyzed for potassium and sodium levels. An electrocardiogram is also done to determine the heart rate. Other symptoms include abdominal pain, depression, shivering, and increased thirst and urination. X-rays are not useful because they do not reveal Addison’s disease.
In addition, full blood work can reveal elevated potassium and sodium levels. However, this test does not detect atypical Addison’s disease. In some cases, blood tests may be negative, which may be due to other causes, such as kidney disease or a pancreatic tumor. If these tests are negative, an Addison’s specialist may recommend an ACTH stimulation test. This test measures baseline levels of cortisol and administers an intravenous dose of ACTH. The test is not helpful in diagnosing a primary case of Addison’s, but it is a useful diagnostic tool for identifying symptoms of Addison’s.
The condition occurs due to damage to the adrenal glands. This damage occurs slowly, and symptoms may include gradually worsening fatigue, a patch of dark skin, unintentional weight loss, and muscle pain. Additionally, the disease may be accompanied by changes in mood, behavior, and sexual drive.
Fortunately, the disease is treatable with medication. The dosage for this medication is usually prescribed by a veterinarian. The veterinarian will measure the animal’s hormone levels and electrolytes to determine the appropriate dosage. After the test, the patient will be treated with monthly injections of mineralocorticoid or fludrocortisone.
If Addison’s disease is left untreated, a patient may experience an addisonian crisis. This condition causes the adrenal glands to produce two to three times the normal amount of cortisol. During the addisonian crisis, a person will have low blood pressure, high blood sugar, and low blood potassium. Addison’s disease can also lead to autoimmune diseases and can make a patient feel weak or fatigued.
Addison’s disease is a result of damage to the adrenal glands, which produce hormones that control the body’s salt, sugar, and water balance. This disease occurs more frequently in female dogs than in males. It is rare in horses but can occur in both sexes.
Addison’s disease is incurable and requires lifelong medication. The dosage may need to be adjusted over time and during times of stress. Medications for Addison’s disease should be taken for life, and veterinarians must be consulted often to monitor the animal.
Von Willebrand’s disease
Von Willebrand’s disease is a genetic bleeding disorder that prevents the blood from clotting properly. This disorder affects both males and females equally. It is caused by an abnormal gene called the von Willebrand factor. The von Willebrand factor is important for the blood clotting process and helps platelets stick together and attach to blood vessel walls. When the gene is altered, it interferes with this process and causes bleeding that is uncontrollable.
Von Willebrand’s disease is the most common inherited bleeding disorder in humans and dogs. It is caused by a deficiency of von Willebrand factor, a protein that is responsible for the clotting process. When this protein is missing from the blood, the affected animal will bleed spontaneously or after surgery or an injury. This can be dangerous for the animal and requires a blood transfusion. This disease should be treated with special medications that are designed to reduce bleeding.
If you suspect that your pony is suffering from this disease, you should seek immediate medical attention. While the disease is treatable, you may need to undergo a blood transfusion to prevent the condition from progressing to the point where the animal will die. A blood transfusion may be necessary to treat Von Willebrand disease.
If your toy poodle suffers from patella luxation, your vet may recommend surgery to correct the problem. Depending on the severity of the luxation, the size of the dog and whether structural damage has occurred within the knee, your veterinarian may use several surgical techniques to fix the problem. Some dogs can have both knees corrected at once, while others may need separate surgeries after eight weeks.
Symptoms can range from mild to severe. Grade I luxation is the least painful type of patella luxation and usually requires minimal treatment. If your dog’s patella is out of place, however, you may want to monitor it for signs of discomfort. In some cases, the patella may pop back into place on its own. You may also wish to administer pain medication to the dog. Grade 2 luxations, on the other hand, may require surgical correction. This surgery involves realigning the patella tendon.
Patella luxation can cause your dog to limp or skip steps. A dog with patella luxation may also favor one leg. If left untreated, patella luxation can cause early arthritis and cause your pet to limp excessively. It can also lead to severe pain and inflammation in the joint.
A deepening of the trochlear groove can help prevent the patella from luxating. In this procedure, a surgeon cuts a small slice of bone beneath the cartilage and places it back. This cartilaginous part of the bone helps the bones glide over each other and absorbs shock when the dog moves.
Patella luxation is not life threatening, but it can interfere with your Poodle’s daily life. If your toy poodle is prone to this condition, there are several ways you can prevent it. One of the best ways is to find a breeder who breeds only adult dogs that have been certified by the OFA. If you are unsure, you can also search online using the breed or kennel name.
Patella luxation is a common problem among small breed dogs, especially Toy Poodles. This problem occurs when the toy poodle’s hind-limb gait causes the patella to move. When the patella moves, the quadriceps tendon may be misplaced, resulting in knee dislocation. If not treated, luxation can lead to significant arthritis and even cruciate ligament rupture.
Hydrotherapy is another option for treating luxation in toy poodles. Hydrotherapy helps to strengthen the muscles without straining the joint. It also helps to reduce inflammation, which can be a major contributor to patella luxation. Hydrotherapy can also improve the dog’s overall health.
The patella is the knee cap that connects the femur and the tibia. Patella luxation causes the kneecap to pop out of place when the knee is flexed. This intermittent dislocation can be painful and cause temporary loss of function in the affected leg.